Quick Answer: What Is Theophylline Used For?

How quickly does theophylline work?

This medication may be used alone or with an inhaled bronchodilator.

How fast does this medication work.

This medication works within 30 minutes..

Does theophylline cause weight loss?

Common side effects of Theo-24 include mild nausea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea, upset stomach, weight loss, restlessness, tremor, sleep problems (insomnia), headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating, restlessness, nervousness, or irritability.

Is theophylline still prescribed?

Theophylline is still one of the most widely prescribed drugs for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) worldwide, because it is inexpensive and widely available.

What are the side effects of theophylline?

Nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, headache, trouble sleeping, diarrhea, irritability, restlessness, nervousness, shaking, or increased urination may occur. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

Why is theophylline not used?

With that said, theophylline may cause a worsening of certain medical conditions and may need to be avoided if you have: Cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) Epilepsy or other seizure disorders.

When should you take theophylline?

Take theophylline exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Take this medication with a full glass of water on an empty stomach, at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.

What foods contain theophylline?

Theophylline is found in black tea and to a lesser extent in green coffee, cocoa cotyledon and dried mate.

Is theophylline discontinued?

Reason for the Shortage Major has discontinued theophylline extended-release tablets. Teva has had theophylline extended-release tablets temporarily unavailable for several years. Theophylline 24-hour extended-release presentations are available from Mylan, Rhodes, and Endo Pharmaceuticals.

Is theophylline used for COPD?

Theophylline has been used as a bronchodilator in the treatment of COPD for over 70 years, but has lost popularity as better tolerated and more effective bronchodilators have been introduced.

Does theophylline raise blood sugar?

high blood sugar –increased thirst, increased urination, dry mouth, fruity breath odor.

What does theophylline do to the body?

Theophylline works by opening the airways in your lungs. It does this by relaxing the muscles and decreasing the response to substances that cause your airways to constrict. This makes it easier for you to breathe.

Does theophylline increase heart rate?

Heart rate was higher in the theophylline group than in the control group. Both pacemaker therapy and theophylline improved symptom scores after 3 months of treatment; however, a similar improvement was observed in the control group.

Is there a substitute for theophylline?

Abstract: Doxofylline, which differs from theophylline in containing the dioxalane group at position 7, has comparable efficacy to theophylline in the treatment of respiratory diseases, but with an improved tolerability profile and a favorable risk-to-benefit ratio.

Does theophylline lower blood pressure?

Both theophylline and enprofylline lowered forearm arterial resistance without an increase in CI, LVEF, or cardiac inotropy, although enprofylline tended to cause a lower blood pressure and higher HR than did theophylline.

Is theophylline a steroid?

It is not a steroid. “Theophylline relaxes the smooth muscles in your airways so they open up and can let air flow through them more easily,” says Asthma UK’s in-house GP Dr Andy Whittamore. When you take theophylline at home it’s usually as a tablet or capsule that lasts all day.