What Is Oral Theophylline?

How quickly does theophylline work?

This medication may be used alone or with an inhaled bronchodilator.

How fast does this medication work.

This medication works within 30 minutes..

Is theophylline used for COPD?

Theophylline has been used in the treatment of chronic obstructive airway diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), for more than 70 years. It is still widely prescribed worldwide, because it is inexpensive.

Does theophylline increase heart rate?

Heart rate was higher in the theophylline group than in the control group. Both pacemaker therapy and theophylline improved symptom scores after 3 months of treatment; however, a similar improvement was observed in the control group.

What foods contain theophylline?

Theophylline is found in black tea and to a lesser extent in green coffee, cocoa cotyledon and dried mate.

What are the side effects of theophylline?

Nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, headache, trouble sleeping, diarrhea, irritability, restlessness, nervousness, shaking, or increased urination may occur.

Is theophylline discontinued?

Reason for the Shortage Major has discontinued theophylline extended-release tablets. Teva has had theophylline extended-release tablets temporarily unavailable for several years. Theophylline 24-hour extended-release presentations are available from Mylan, Rhodes, and Endo Pharmaceuticals.

What are the signs and symptoms of theophylline toxicity?

Mechanism of toxicityNervousness.Insomnia.Central respiratory stimulation.Nausea.Vomiting.Tremors.Hyperesthesia.Focal and generalized seizures that progress to status epilepticus in 25%More items…•

Is theophylline a steroid?

It is not a steroid. “Theophylline relaxes the smooth muscles in your airways so they open up and can let air flow through them more easily,” says Asthma UK’s in-house GP Dr Andy Whittamore. When you take theophylline at home it’s usually as a tablet or capsule that lasts all day.

Is theophylline and Deriphyllin same?

Medical Description. Deriphyllin tablet is a combination of Etofylline and Theophylline. This tablet is used to treat lung and airway-related disorders such as asthma or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

Is there a substitute for theophylline?

Abstract: Doxofylline, which differs from theophylline in containing the dioxalane group at position 7, has comparable efficacy to theophylline in the treatment of respiratory diseases, but with an improved tolerability profile and a favorable risk-to-benefit ratio.

Does green tea have theophylline?

Black tea, green tea, and oolong tea are all made from the same plant but are prepared using different processing methods. Green tea extract contains polyphenols. … Other significant parts of tea include caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline. The polyphenols of green tea are strong antioxidants.

What is the brand name of theophylline?

Theophylline is available under the following different brand names: Theo 24, Theochron, Elixophyllin, aminophylline, and Uniphyl.

Does theophylline cause weight loss?

Common side effects of Theo-24 include mild nausea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea, upset stomach, weight loss, restlessness, tremor, sleep problems (insomnia), headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating, restlessness, nervousness, or irritability.

Does coffee contain methylxanthine?

Linked to three of the most consumed beverages (coffee, tea, and cacao) are the most popular methylxanthines: caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine (Table 1). Caffeine is the most abundant methylxanthine in coffee, its level being smaller in chocolate than in coffee.

Does theophylline raise blood sugar?

high blood sugar –increased thirst, increased urination, dry mouth, fruity breath odor.

What are the physicochemical properties of theophylline?

Theophylline is a dimethylxanthine having the two methyl groups located at positions 1 and 3. It is structurally similar to caffeine and is found in green and black tea. It has a role as a vasodilator agent, a bronchodilator agent, a muscle relaxant, an EC 3.1. 4.

What drugs contain theophylline?

Description and Brand NamesElixophyllin.Norphyl.Phyllocontin.Quibron-T.Quibron-TSR.Theo-24.TheoCap.Theochron.More items…•

Is theophylline an anti inflammatory?

Theophylline did have anti-inflammatory effects on cytokines primarily produced by mononuclear phagocytic cells.

What is the use of theophylline tablets?

Theophylline is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness caused by asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and other lung diseases. It relaxes and opens air passages in the lungs, making it easier to breathe.

What does theophylline mean?

: a feebly basic bitter crystalline compound C7H8N4O2 present in tea leaves that is isomeric with theobromine and is used in medicine especially as a bronchodilator.

Is theophylline still prescribed?

Theophylline is still one of the most widely prescribed drugs for the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) worldwide, because it is inexpensive and widely available.